November 30, 2022

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Linus Pauling, the US chemist who posited that huge doses of vitamin

Pauling won his first Nobel in 1954 for his work in molecular chemistry, particularly in the field of proteins and anti-bodies.

His second award came eight years later in 1962 was in recognition for his campaigning against nuclear testing.

John Bardeen (1956, 1972)

US engineer John Bardeen shared the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.

In 1972, he picked up his second Nobel for developing the BSC-theory of superconductivity, with fellow American physicists Leon Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer.

Frederick Sanger (1958, 1980)

British biochemist Frederick Sanger, dubbed the father of genomics, was the only person to win the chemistry Nobel twice.

Sanger was the sole winner of the prize in 1958 for his work on the structure of proteins, notably insulin, and then shared it with two others, Paul Berg and Walter Gilbert of the United States, in 1980 for pioneering developments in DNA sequencing that are still being used today.

Chemist Frederick Sanger, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 and 1980, sitting at his desk in Cambridge on October 27, 1958
Chemist Frederick Sanger, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1958 and 1980, sitting at his desk in Cambridge on October 27, 1958 – UPI/AFP
His work allowed long stretches of DNA to be rapidly and accurately sequenced and was central to the Human Genome Project’s mammoth achievement in mapping more than three billion units of human DNA.

ICRC and UNHCR

Two organisations have won multiple Nobel Peace Prizes.

The International Committee of the Red Cross won in 1917, 1944 and 1963 and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees won in 1954 and 1981.

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